Purebred dogs make for unethical purchases

It is irresponsible to support dog breeders. Aside from a person’s blatant disregard for the millions of rescued or sheltered dogs who desperately need and deserve their forever homes, there are a plethora of issues with dogs that come from breeders.

As Peta put it, “Nature didn’t create dog breeds — humans did. There are many health problems that come along with breeding for certain physical attributes.”

From increased risk of blindness to seizures, as Peta describes, the idea that people are comfortable with, and even encourage, the breeding of dogs is monstrous considering the drastically decreased quality of life for these animals.

The Royal Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) bolsters this notion.

“There’s much evidence demonstrating that the welfare and quality of life of many pedigree and purebred dogs are seriously compromised as a result of established selective breeding practices,” the organization stated in an article.

Breeding for aesthetic purposes can leave the animals with long-term health problems For example, according to RSPCA dogs  with flat faces like pugs and French bulldogs can have breathing issues and struggle with exercise. 

The organization also called out the Kennel Club, which oversees various dog-showing events in the United Kingdom. RSPCA explained the way to win dog shows nowadays, according to the rules set by the Kennel Club, is for the dog to most closely match its breed standard, which means these pedigree dogs are bred to highlight certain physical features.

It is this unnatural breeding that results in health complications and even premature deaths in purebred dogs because of health risks these dogs commonly have, as supported by The Pet Health Network.

Mixed-breed dogs, inversely, generally have less issues in the long run.

The Peninsula Humane Society & SPCA states on its website that mixed breeds have something called hybrid vigor, explaining that when you mix two or more separate gene pools, the recessive genes that carry the health problems are then buried. As a result, these animals are healthier.

Mixed-breed dogs are also one of a kind, as they are not bred with the intention of getting a dog with enhanced physical characteristics.

Yet, because they are not nearly as desired as purebred dogs, mixed-breed dogs end up in shelters much more often. 

On top of this, dogs mixed with breeds that are considered hostile or violent, like pit bulls and Staffordshire terriers, live out their lives in the shelters because humans have created a stigma around them given they are often used for dog fighting, as National Geographic puts it.  

The National Pit Bull Victim Awareness organization explained reports from cities across the United States show pit bulls have consistently bitten people at least twice as much as the next highest breed of dog.

However, dog-focused online media outlet Dogtime stated in an article that pit bulls remain a popular breed. The article implies that when you have more pit bulls than any other breed, this may explain why these dogs would have a higher volume of incidents.

Online pet blog Petpedia reported pit bulls make up 5.8% of all dogs in the U.S. This means that one dog in twenty is a pit bull.

Although, TikTok has made a huge impact on the general view of mixed-breed dogs with pit bull in them. One dog in particular is making waves online. 

Bagel the pit bull from the Austin Animal Center in Austin, Texas has been trending on TikTok since mid-February and has proven to be one of the sweetest dogs, despite the stigma placed upon her breed. Her love of layering blankets and sweaters captured the hearts of thousands. 

She was adopted Feb. 24 into a loving forever home.

The hashtag #AdoptDontShop briefly trended on Twitter in 2020, as around this time last year there was an estimated national adoption rate of 58% at the beginning of March. This increased to 85% by the end of the month, as reported by Time magazine.

Separate from the statistics, there are millions of mixed-breed rescue and shelter dogs in the U.S. who deserve loving homes, so much so that they could be euthanized if they don’t get adopted. 

The Humane Society of the U.S. found 20% of dogs who enter shelters annually are euthanized. Additionally, mixed-breed dogs make up 51% of dogs in the U.S.

Considering all the factors, mixed-breed dogs are the way to go when it comes to finding a furry friend.

Purebred dogs simply have many health issues which raises the question of whether it is ethical to support dog breeders given the lack of consideration for the animals.